Trade between the United States and Mexico is crucial to both nations, and Texas has been the leading state for exports and imports between the two countries for decades. The Perryman Group estimates that trade between Texas and Mexico generates business activity across the United States of almost $1 trillion in gross domestic product annually and more than 8 million jobs (including multiplier effects and based on 2023 trade levels), with much of the activity concentrated in Texas.
Every day, thousands of trucks cross the Texas-Mexico border, bringing a variety of goods ranging from fruits and vegetables to electronic equipment. Cross-border supply chains are common, and manufacturing facilities on both sides of the border depend on the efficient flow of products across the border. The recent slowdowns due to additional inspections disrupted these patterns, resulting in not only spoilage of perishable items, but also production delays. Given the strained capacity at the border in normal times, it will be difficult and, in many instances, impossible to “catch up.”